Page of information and resources related to my workshop "Breaking down barriers with Free/Open Source Software in Education".
First things first, here are the slides in PDF.Other resources from the workshop can be found below, but please look at the "Why" part as well.
Free/Open Source Software in EducationWhy use Free/Open Source Software? Here's why:
- Clay Shirky - Perl as a work of love
Note: Perl is an Open Source programming language
- As a teacher, choosing to use Free/Open Source Software empowers you in several ways:
- Improving student access: F/OSS applications can be installed on as many computers as wanted. Students can install it on their laptops and on other computers at their homes, which may be more powerful. Malfunctioning computers are not a barrier to completion of projects.
- Closer to "YES" with the IT Department: Many of the reasons that may stop you from getting the software you requested simply disappear: license costs, potential viruses, cumbersome online activation processes, overloading of internet access (internet bandwidth is limited and shared among the whole school, and using local applications doesn't increase the load on the line).
F/OSS applications easily make most of these arguments irrelevant!
- Simplifying software requests: At your school, you can usually(!) request software products to install on school-owned computers.
When you request a commercial product at a financial cost, it needs to involve the business department, it affects the school-wide or divisional budget, and needs to follow a multi-stage approval process that can take significant time, and involve multiple (busy!) people.
With F/OSS applications, your request can stay within the IT department. Hopefully a much shorter waiting time for you and your students.
- Future-proofing your work: For the reasons above, when you base your assignments, projects or lesson plans on an open source application, you can be more confident that they will remain feasible the next time you want to use them: the application will still be available, or can be made available easily. No need to rewrite or recreate from scratch due to external factors!
- Sleeping better at night: Students are sometimes incredibly proficient in obtaining costly software from dubious sources (i.e. software piracy). Working with F/OSS applications ensures that you are not inadvertently putting pressure on students to go in that direction. It opens the door to important conversations on closing the Digital Divide and making connections with Creative Commons. F/OSS applications can also be used to great advantage in "Creativity, Action, Service" initiatives that respect copyright and intellectual property.
- At BIS, from a school-wide long term perspective, we have the following reasons:
- No License issues – With Free Software, there are no worries about expiry dates or costs of the licenses. Free Software is free and stays free in every sense. There is no risk to mislead any user to use an illegal copy.
- Equality at home - With Free Software, teachers can give a copy to each student, and parents are not forced to make a financial decision.
- Learning to use software - It is not enough to know how to use a certain office programs. Students need the capability to adapt to any software. It's important to understand the concepts underlying a whole category or type of software (such as a spreadsheet or a word-processor), not merely how to use a particular application. The variety of Free Software products teaches exactly this.
- Dependency - If students learn to do things a certain way in school, the easiest way for them to do that thing in their adult life is to continue to do it the same way. If we teach students to rely on proprietary software, we are giving the child a dependency on something which they have to pay for and which generally discourages sharing and good will in society.However, if we teach children to rely on Free Software, the software can never be taken away from the student (even in the student's adult life) and the student can continue using this software while helping others by sharing it.
- The arguments above were found on this page, that I heavily recommend:http://wiki.fsfe.org/Reasons_for_schools_to_use_Free_Software
Free/Open Source Evaluation RubricBased on the 5 criteria on the slides, here is a PDF version of a rubric to select Free/Open Source software for your classroom, your students, and yourself.
Some of the links can be found on the slides, but here I will be adding more, and keeping them up to date.
CDs full of selected software, ready to download, burn to disc, and give away!
I use "software A", what is the alternative?
When you already know a commercial program that does a particular function, these websites help you to find Open Source alternatives.
Information specific to what I currently use at BIS
- http://www.ubermix.org – The customized education-oriented system that I have been using for our Primary and Middle School students. Very recommended!
- http://www.ubuntu.com - The most popular Linux distribution right now. If you are not sure which version of Linux to try when you are getting started, you can't go wrong with this one.